In patients with recent ACS, the latest ESC/EAS guidelines for management of dyslipidaemia recommend intensification of LDL-C-lowering therapy.
Report a real-world picture of lipid-lowering therapy prescribed and cholesterol targets achieved in post-ACS patients before and after a specific educational program.
Retrospective data collection prior to the educational course and prospective data collection after the course of consecutive very high-risk patients with ACS admitted in 2020 in 13 Italian cardiology departments, and with a non-target LDL-C level at discharge.
Data from 336 patients were included, 229 in the retrospective phase and 107 in the post-course prospective phase. At discharge, statins were prescribed in 98.1% of patients, alone in 62.3% of patients (65% of which at high doses) and in combination with ezetimibe in 35.8% of cases (52% at high doses). A significant reduction was obtained in total and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) from discharge to the first control visit. Thirty-five percent of patients achieved a target LDL-C <55 mg/dL according to ESC 2019 guidelines. Fifty percent of patients achieved the <55 mg/dL target for LDL-C after a mean of 120 days from the ACS event.
Our analysis, though numerically and methodologically limited, suggests that management of cholesterolaemia and achievement of LDL-C targets are largely suboptimal and need significant improvement to comply with the lipid-lowering guidelines for very high CV risk patients. Earlier high intensity statin combination therapy should be encouraged in patients with high residual risk.
Acute coronary syndrome; Follow-up; LDL cholesterol; Statin; Target.